Environmentally-friendly home upgrades can reduce your household carbon footprint, increase your property’s value, and save you serious money over time. But they can come with a hefty price tag, and most of us can’t afford the up-front cost out of pocket.
Green financing programs and incentives can help make sustainability more accessible. And they’re becoming more common as lenders catch on to ways these initiatives benefit their bottom line.
This guide unlocks everything you need to know about green mortgages, loans, and insurance and how to use them for the good of the planet – and your pocketbook.
1. Green Mortgages
Green mortgages, or Energy Efficient Mortgages (EEMs), are loans rolled into your primary mortgage to finance eco-friendly updates or to purchase an energy-efficient home. They incentivize improvements like energy-efficient lighting, windows, and appliances, smart home fixtures, low-flow faucets, showers, and toilets, clean energy installations like solar panels, water heaters, and battery storage, home insulation, and sustainable landscaping.
Green mortgages are a win-win for borrowers and lenders alike. That’s because energy-efficient homes cost less to power, slashing utilities bills and making borrowers less likely to default on their mortgage loan. And since green homes are becoming increasingly attractive to buyers, funding these improvements reduces the risk that a home will lose value over the course of the mortgage repayment.
3 Ways to Use a Green Mortgage
Improve a New Home: Cover eco-friendly improvements you plan to make when you purchase a new home. Green mortgage lenders take future energy savings into account, so you may qualify for a larger loan – for improvements that will increase the value of your home – without a bigger down payment.
Improve Your Current Home: You can also add an energy-improvement mortgage (EIM) to your current home loan to make eco-friendly updates to your property. This may increase your monthly payment off the bat, but saves you money on utilities in the long run.
Purchase a Green Home: If you want to buy a home that’s already eco-friendly, a green mortgage can be added to your primary mortgage with no additional down payment, so you can purchase a more valuable property.
Benefits of Green Mortgages
Short & Long-Term Savings: Green mortgages are an affordable way to make energy-efficient improvements that can save you money on utilities and increase the value of your home in the long run.
Rolled Into Mortgage: Green mortgages are bundled with your primary mortgage and don’t require an additional down payment. Depending on the specific program, refinancing for a green mortgage may even reduce your overall interest rate.
Access Greater Funds: Green upgrades are exempt from the mortgage qualification process. For example, if you apply for a $180,000 loan with an additional $15,000 for energy-efficiency improvements, your lender only considers the initial $180,000 when determining your eligibility.
Incentivize Energy Efficiency: Energy-efficiency is good for you and the lender.And by making these updates more accessible, green mortgages help reduce our collective pull on the planet and facilitate the changes necessary for the transition to net zero.
Challenges of Green Mortgages
Stricter Project Parameters: Green mortgages often require the borrower to work with a certified installer or buy only equipment that meets lender-determined standards and requirements.
Added Complexity: Getting a green mortgage can require more work on behalf of the borrower than other loan types. While the benefits are clear for major, high-cost projects, the extra steps can make them less attractive for one-off updates.
Limited Insight: Green mortgages are still fairly new on the financial market. Institutions must do more research to quantify the benefits for homeowners and lenders alike to reduce borrower anxiety and boost institutional buy-in.
How to Get a Green Mortgage
Whether you’re buying a home or refinancing, these steps will help you find the green mortgage that’s best for you:
Assess Your Personal Situation: Begin by checking your credit score and mortgage eligibility. If you already know the property you’d like to update, start identifying specific improvements you’d like to make – our guide to home energy-efficiency can help give you pinpoint where to start!
Shop & Compare Lenders: Most major lenders offer federally-insured green mortgages, including the U.S. Federal Housing Administration and Department of Veterans Affairs. Each program is slightly different, so shop around and ask lenders which types of projects they finance and what incentives they offer.
Conduct a Home Appraisal: Just like a regular mortgage, you’ll need to have the home in question appraised to determine its current value.
Have a Home Energy Audit: Next, a professional auditor must perform a Home Energy Rating System (HERS) report. These audits rate the current energy-efficiency of the home, existing cost-savings, and the value of potential improvements. The audit cost can often be covered by the final loan.
Work With Lender on Details: Your green mortgage provider will take the home’s current value, current and future efficiencies, and/or upgrade costs into consideration and issue you a single loan for the primary mortgage and green improvements.
2. Green Loans & Grants
Green mortgages are excellent for major energy-efficiency conversions and home purchases. But what if you want to make a one-off improvement to your existing home? Instead of refinancing, a green loan, personal loan, or green grant may better suit your needs.
Green loans are offered by financial institutions to incentivize one-off, climate-friendly home improvement projects like solar panel installation or to insulate a drafty attic. While true green loans are still fairly rare, they’re gaining popularity. Shop around to see what opportunities are available to you. (Nerd Wallet offers this great list of green financing options.)
Green loans and mortgages often require borrowers to meet certain standards and requirements. If you plan to do some of the work yourself, or want to use a specific product or contractor, a personal loan can provide the same long-term savings and value without the additional restrictions.
Green Grants & Vouchers
Depending on where you live, your state or province may offer green grants or vouchers to offset the cost of energy-efficient improvements and upgrades. Check your eligibility with a quick Google search for programs in your region. Contractors are often aware of existing programs, too, so ask around when you’re preparing for your next project.
3. Green Home Insurance Incentives
Energy-efficiency incentives aren’t limited to the purchasing and project phases. Insurance providers are catching on to the ways resilient, sustainable homes benefit their bottom line. Yours may offer the following:
Green Insurance Discounts
Some insurers providers offer home insurance discounts for LEED-certified environmentally-friendly homes. If you’ve recently performed major updates, check if you’re eligible for a lower monthly rate, or shop around for a new provider that offers a discount.
Green Add Ons & Endorsements
Destructive events like floods and hurricanes can leave your home in need of major repairs. Ask your insurer if they offer add ons to supplement the cost of energy efficient upgrades or eco-friendly materials so you can come out for the better if disaster strikes.
Every penny – and piece of paper – counts! If you’re willing to save some trees with electronic billing and statements, check if your insurer offers a paper-free discount.
Power Up: Build Better Home Energy Habits
Taking steps to make our homes more sustainable is a great way to reduce our impact – but our personal habits matter, too! Joro’s monthly and weekly climate action challenges help you make positive changes that stick. Challenge yourself to power down or adjust the thermostat to start living lighter today!
Develop your climate action practice.
A climate action practice is the daily exercise of bringing awareness and intention to reduce the carbon emissions within your control.
Grow your practice with exclusive tips and advice.
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